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TTC ACRONYM GLOSSARY

TTC acronym glossary

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P PCO: Polycystic OvariesSee “PCOS: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome”PCOS: Polycystic Ovary SyndromePolycystic Ovary Syndrome marks a condition in which estrogen and progesterone, the female sex hormones, are imbalanced. This imbalance can result in ovarian cysts, infertility, endometrial cancer, increased risk of breast cancer, and other related conditions. Symptoms include abnormal menstrual cycle schedules, which are irregular or frequently and randomly skipped over. In rare cases, PCOS leads to the development of masculine features like a deeper voice or body hair. Losing body fat and weight can help counteract the severity of PCOS once diagnosed, and birth control pills can help regulate menstrual cycles. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001408/ ]PCT: Postcoital TestA postcoital test is performed after intercourse to inspect the sperm-cervical mucus interaction occurring. A PCT is often done on a couple having trouble conceiving to determine their fertility. By observing the interaction between the cervical mucus and sperm a number of hours after intercourse, the health and abundance of living sperm indicates how sperm-friendly and fertile the woman’s cervical mucus is at that moment. Of course, PCT can either note a problem with the sperms’ survival abilities or with the cervical mucus. A poor PCT is indicated by inactive, low numbered sperm presence, while a fertile result would display the opposite behavior and quantity.[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21510910 ]PID: Pelvic Inflammatory DiseasePelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection of the reproductive organs including the uterus and fallopian tubes. Oftentimes, PID is a result of Chlamydia or gonorrhea, both sexually transmitted diseases. PID causes severe lower abdominal pain, and in serious cases can lead to infertility (approximately 10-15% of women with PID), abscesses, or ectopic pregnancy. PID is treated with antibiotics as it is a bacterial infection, however the antibiotics aren’t able to undo the damage already done by the disease, and thus “recover” but don’t return to pre-PID conditions. Thus, PID treatment must be administered as quickly as possible after contraction of the disease for best results. The best way to lessen the risk of getting PID or transferring it to a partner is to practice safe sex. [ http://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/stdfact-pid.htm ] PMS: Premenstrual SyndromeDreaded by women and men alike are the symptoms associated with pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), which run the gamut from abdominal cramps to irritability. PMS occurs more than 14 days after the end of your last period and ends 4-7 days into your menstrual cycle. The timing varies from person to person as do the symptoms. Physical symptoms include bloating, acne outbreaks, cravings, headache, diarrhea or constipation, breast tenderness. Psychological symptoms may include difficulty concentrating, fatigue, anxiety, sadness, anger, lessened libido, moodiness, confusion, sleep alteration, lethargy, and poor self-esteem. Though many women experience unpleasant PMS symptoms, they do not interfere with everyday life. If your symptoms follow the characteristics described above, but are enough to disrupt your daily life, you may consider consulting your doctor about the possibility of PMDD, or Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Treatment for PMS ranges from over the counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and aspirin to using a heating pad, exercising more, drinking more water, and avoiding excessive salts, sugars and caffeine. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002474/ , http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.cfm ]PNV: Prenatal VitaminPrenatal vitamins are simply a multivitamin designed for expecting women. These vitamins emphasize, and contain higher amounts of iron, calcium, and folic acid. Iron aids in blood oxygenation, and makes it easier for the healthy blood of the mother to support that of the baby. Calcium supports bone health and combats the bone density loss that may otherwise occur due to the baby’s use of extra calcium in its own bone development. Folic acid is believed to reduce spinal defect risks in the fetus. In fact, folic acid - which can be found in beans, green leafy veggies, and lemons-, is recommended for women trying to conceive as well, to ensure that enough is present during the first 28 days after conception, because it is during this time span that most neural tube defects form. A neural tube defect can lead to paralysis and mental retardation due to damaged spinal nerve endings. In addition to calcium, folic acid, and iron, most prenatal vitamins include basic multivitamin components, and even omega-3 DHA in some, for overall mother/baby health. [ http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/prenatal-vitamins , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prenatal_vitamins ]

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