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TTC ACRONYM GLOSSARY

TTC acronym glossary

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LLAP: LaparoscopyLaparoscopy is a type of surgery which is performed by making a very small incision and inserting a skinny laparoscope (tube)into, usually, the abdominal or pelvic cavities. In a procedure that remains minimally invasive, LAP surgery offers surgeons an opportunity to search for cysts, infection, and other abnormalities. If removal is necessary and possible in a minimally invasive way, the surgeon can proceed to remove a tissue sample or abnormal growth through the same size incision. Laparoscopy can identify and treat endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, adhesions, fibroids, or ectopic pregnancy, all of which can lead to infertility. Many procedures beyond the aforementioned can be performed through laparoscopy and prove that medicine has taken leaps and bounds to come to this sort of small-incision, relatively quick recovery - surgical procedure. [http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/laparoscopy-16156 , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laparoscopic_surgery ]LH: Luteinizing HormoneLuteinizing hormone, or lutropin, plays a major role in a woman’s reproductive cycle. A monthly spike in LH secretion levels results in ovulation, thus regulating the menstrual cycle. LH is also present in men, and leads to sperm production by way of increasing testosterone levels. Infertility, then, can be caused in both men and women as a result of LH dysfunction or inappropriate levels. A simple blood and/or urine test can provide your physician with enough information to understand LH levels in your body, and make a subsequent diagnosis. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luteinizing_hormone , http://women.webmd.com/luteinizing-hormone ]LP: Luteal PhaseThe luteal phase, also known as the secretory phase, is a period of time during the menstrual cycle spanning the time from the corpus luteum’s formation to the shedding of the uterine lining, or menses. Thus, the LP occurs at the end of the cycle, and either ends in pregnancy, should fertilization occur, or the breakdown of the corpus luteum and onset of menses. The average luteal phase stands around 14 days, and it is from this 2-week span that the concept of a ‘two week wait’ stems. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstrual_cycle#Luteal_phase , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luteal_phase ] LPD: Luteal Phase DefectThe menstrual cycle’s luteal phase marks the time after ovulation, before menses commences. Luteal Phase Defect, then, is a problem centralized around the uterine lining. If the lining is off schedule, or in other words is in the wrong phase at the wrong time, fertility can be hindered greatly. Conception relies on the successful implantation of an embryo into a receptive and appealing uterine lining. LPD, then, can prove to be a common source of infertility. Upon being diagnosed with LPD, treatment ranges from progesterone supplementation to the use of an ovulatory or corpus luteum stimulant. [http://www.inciid.org/printpage.php?cat=infertility101&id=7 , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luteal_phase ]LUFS: Luteinized Unruptured Follicle SyndromeIn a ‘normal’ series of events, a woman’s ovary will develop a follicle which luteinizes (becomes the corpus luteum), and then produces the necessary female sex hormones (Luteinizing Hormone, LH, for instance) to urge on the process of rupturing the follicle to release the egg (ovum). In those who have LUFS, the follicle remains unruptured, and the egg is never released, thus ovulation never occurs. [http://www.fertilityfriend.com/Faqs/Ovulation.html , http://simone-perseverance.blogspot.com/2011/03/lufs-luteinized-unruptured-follicle.html , http://bluepoppy.com/cfwebstore/index.cfm/feature/762/luteinized-unruptured-follicle-syndrome-lufs.cfm ]

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