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TTC ACRONYM GLOSSARY

TTC acronym glossary

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IICI: Intracervical InseminationIntracervical insemination is one of the least invasive forms of assisted fertilization, in that it simply mimics natural intercourse. Semen, which can be collected through various methods, is inserted directly over the cervix by a needle-less syringe. Other than lying still for a few minutes, the woman isn’t required to do much else in the process. The semen is sometimes held in place by a cervical cap to aid in fertilization. Diaphragms are often used in a similar way to hold semen over the cervix and hopefully increase chances of conceiving for the user. [http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/9/4/661.short , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_insemination#Intracervical_insemination ]ICSI: Intracytoplasmic Sperm InjectionA type of in vitro fertilization (See IVF: In vitro fertilization), ICSI is unique in that it details the procedure of injection a single sperm directly into the matured egg. This process is usually done in situations where sperm motility and health is the primary reason for infertility, and the woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes are functioning well (these are the reintroduction sites, where the fertilized egg is put back into the body). [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intracytoplasmic_sperm_injection , http://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-for-infertility ]IF: InfertilityOfficially, ‘infertility’ is defined by the inability to conceive after 24 months of regular attempts. Many physicians in the United States also consider one year, for a woman under 35, and six months, for a woman over 35, of regular and unproductive attempts to be a signal to intervene with infertility treatments if the couple so chooses. At ages over 35, waiting beyond 6 months immensely decreases the chances of conceiving. This is the reason behind the seemingly reversed one year for younger women and only 6 months for older women stated above. Infertility can be caused by both men and women despite common misconceptions as a result of varied and numerous causes. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infertility] ITI: Intratubal InseminationIntratubal insemination is a kind of artificial insemination used as fertility treatment. Some ideas include the following options;http://www.sharedjourney.com/iui/tubal_ai.html IUI: Intrauterine Insemination Intrauterine insemination is a procedure performed to work around some of the leading causes of infertility in women less than 40 years of age. IUI is not usually effective in women over age 40, or in those with structural blockage in their fallopian tubes. Intrauterine insemination is a quick procedure that places a concentrated, washed sperm sample directly into the uterus, leaving the journey up the fallopian tubes up to the new sperm. In this way, IUI proves more direct than traditional methods of conception, yet maintains a great deal of the natural process as well. [http://www.advancedfertility.com/insem.htm , http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/intrauterine-insemination/MY00104 , http://infertility.about.com/od/ivf/f/ivf_success.htm ]IVF: In Vitro FertilizationIVF is a popular infertility treatment which fertilizes the woman’s egg with the man’s sperm outside the body and then returns the fertilized egg to the uterus, where it should develop normally. By first tracking the woman’s ovulations and monthly cycle, the ideal time to remove the ovum (egg) from the ovaries is determined. Fertility aiding medication is used to further specify ovulation timing before the egg(s) are removed through a relatively non-invasive surgery & ultrasound procedure. Then the meeting the egg and sperm occurs in a laboratory incubator (“in vitro” literally translated from Latin means ‘in glass’) and a fertilized egg, or embryo, is produced. The embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus a few days after fertilization. Following transfer, the only thing remaining is hopefully waiting for pregnancy signs and symptoms to arise. IVF in women under age 35 is most successful, at 30-30%. This success rate drops incrementally with age, until it reaches a 6-10% chance in women over age 40. [http://www.americanpregnancy.org/infertility/ivf.html , http://www.cdc.gov/art/ , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_vitro_fertilisation ]

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