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TTC ACRONYM GLOSSARY

TTC acronym glossary

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AACA: Anti-Cardiolipin AntibodiesAnti-cardiolipin antibodies are widely found in women with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and those who experience spontaneous abortion. APS can also result in miscarriage and other fetal complications such as fetal growth restriction. These antibodies specifically work against phospholipids with a negative charge including cardiolipin. In doing so, these antibodies result in hormonal dysregulation and interact negatively with the placental and endothelial structures. Testing for the presence of ACA and/or immunoglobin G antibodies (IGA) can often identify antiphospholipid antibody syndrome as the root cause of pregnancy troubles. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-cardiolipin_antibodies , http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/261691-overview#a0101 , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiphospholipid_syndrome ]AF: Aunt Flo: Menstrual PeriodEndearingly referred to as Aunt Flo, the female menstrual period is one of reproduction and opportunity for growth. Every month or so, the endometrium (uterus lining) builds up in anticipation of fertilization. When the awaiting egg is not fertilized it breaks down and is shed along with the uterus lining through the cervix. On average the menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, and the period of menstruation (uterine lining shedding) occurs between 3-5 days, and is also referred to as menses. [http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7865# , http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/menstruation.cfm#a , http://women.webmd.com/tc/normal-menstrual-cycle-topic-overview ]AH: Assisted HatchingIt has been discovered that embryos with a thin “shell” (zona pellucida) experienced higher success rates of implantation into the uterus. The thinner zona makes it easier for the embryo to “hatch” from its shell and embed in the endometrium. Thus, assisted hatching marks a procedure in which the egg coat, zona pellucida, is altered through micromanipulation, creating a small hole to aid implantation during in vitro fertilization. It most often finds success in those who have previously experienced failing IVF, who have thicker zona pellicuda. Risks of assisted hatching methods include damaging the embryo beyond repair, fetal complications, and conjoined twins. [ http://www.fertilitycommunity.com/fertility/assisted-hatching-for-ivf.html , http://www.sharedjourney.com/articles/ah.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assisted_zona_hatching ]AHI: At-home InseminationWith the goal of conceiving at home, many couples opt for at-home insemination methods including use of a cervical cap, diaphragm, or fertility aids such as those found in the Male FactorPak or Hy-Gene Kits. [ http://www.fertilityplus.org/faq/homeinsem.html , http://www.rheacare.com/ ]AI: Artificial InseminationArtificial insemination, conversely, works to directly transfer semen to the womb. Types of AI include Intrauterine Insemination, Intracervical insemination, and Intratubal insemination. Artificial Insemination can work around a partner who experiences semen allergies, low sperm count, same sex relations, endometriosis, undefined infertility, etc. [ http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/217986.php ]AO: AnovulationAnovulation marks a menstrual cycle when ovulation does not occur because no ovum is released. Anovulation doesn’t automatically mark menopause, though ongoing experience of AO can result in infertility. Unlike menopause, during anovulation it is possible to have relatively regular periods without having the ability to conceive. Those who experience anovulation commonly face infertility because they don’t present a timely egg for fertilization each month as would happen within a ‘normal’ menstrual cycle. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) often causes anovulation and other ovulatory dysfunction.[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anovulation , http://infertility.about.com/od/causesofinfertility/a/anovulation.htm ]AOA,AVA: Anti-ovarian AntibodyAntibodies normally work to fend off invasive bodies and help maintain overall health. Anti-ovarian antibodies, however, turn against their own kind. These antibodies fight against healthy ovarian cells, and are found in large amounts in women who experience lower success with in vitro fertilization, and many who experience premature ovarian failure. Though many women can test positive for the presence of these antibodies, not all experience the negative effects of a larger, more aggressive number. [ http://www.millenova.com/tests/aoa.cfm , http://www.uscnk.com/directory/Anti-Ovary-Antibody(AOAb)-1140.htm ART: Assisted Reproductive TechnologyAssisted Reproductive Technology, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), include “all fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled.” (cdc.gov/art, 1992 Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act) As a result, fertility treatments such as artificial insemination, which only modify the origin and pathway of the sperm, are not considered to be a facet of ART. Commonly, ART refers to a procedure which removes both the eggs and sperm from either partner, before combining them outside the womb and then reinserting. This practice can avoid complications including those that arise when one or both partners want to protect the other from a sexually transmittable infection. [ http://www.cdc.gov/art/ , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assisted_reproductive_technology , http://www.sart.org/ ] AWOL: A Woman On LupronLupron, or leuprolide acetate, is prescribed both for endometriosis and during in vitro fertilization cycles. With respect to IVF treatment, it serves as a backdrop to other hormone treatment given during the cycle. In this way, Lupron works to slow and stop a woman’s reproductive hormone release schedule. While Lupron suppresses the system, the woman must begin taking replacement hormones including follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in order to produce an egg to be retrieved during the IVF cycle. Side effects that may occur when taking Lupron include nausea, headache, hot flashes, and gastrointestinal tract problems. [ http://fertilitytoday.org/in_vitro_fertilization.html , http://www.havingbabies.com/infertility-treatment/fertility-drugs/lupron/ ]

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